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Hemp 101 & FAQ's
Welcome to our FAQ &Hemp Educational Page. Feel free to peruse our FAQ and the articles and resources below to help you learn as much as you can about Hemp and its products. Thanks for visiting.
What is Hemp? Technically, Hemp is the common name for the plant Cannabis Sativa L. A member of the Cannabaceae Family of plants, it is a Cousin to Marijuana (Cannabis Indica) and is characterized by it's high concentration of the Cannabinoid Cannabidiol (CBD) and low concentration of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the substance that causes the high in Marijuana) Industrial Hemp is the technical term for the Hemp plant when it is grown for use of it's fibers, seeds and hurd (core),
Hemp is a versatile crop with a long, storied history and over 50,000 uses. It is legal and it's details can be both interesting and confusing. Hopefully, below, we can answer some of your questions and clear up a few misconceptions about the miraculous plant.
Hemp has been around for a long time. Most of human history in fact. Although it is unsure, the historic record points to Hemp appearing in the area of Asia (Himalayas). It is known, however, that Hemp was being used by tribes in Taiwan more than 10,000 years ago.
The first uses of Hemp was for clothing, textiles, pottery, paper and as a food source, amongst other things.
It's first uses as medicine was approximately 2800 to 2700 B.C. It was used for pain relief and to speed up the healing of wounds.
Some other notable moments in Hemp history include:
About 400 A.D., the first discovery of Hemp's use in "Bio-Plastics" was discovered with the finding of the Yin Pang Mummy in China.
The first book to be printed, the Gutenberg Bible, was printed upon Hemp paper.
Between the 16th and 19th Centuries in America, people could actually PAY their taxes using Hemp. It was a staple of farms everywhere and, in fact, sometimes during this time frame, it was even illegal to NOT grow Hemp.
In the United States, Hemp has had a more spotty and confused history. Up until the 20th Century, Hemp was commonplace in the U.S.
This all changed, prior to World War 2, with the enactment of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937.
This law effectively stopped production of Hemp by imposing a tax so high that it became impractical and unprofitable to grow it. Although this law was still effective, the prohibition was lifted to support the war effort, which required Hemp supplies that were cut off, but was enforced again after 1944.
In 1970, then President Richard Nixon signed the Controlled Substances Act into law, which placed Marijuana, and inexplicably it's cousin Hemp, as a Schedule I Narcotic, whose growth and possession could lead to imprisonment, fines, or both.
Finally, for a variety of reasons, the fog began to clear. Appellate court cases affirmed the publics ability to import Hemp, while the Congress moved to strip Hemp away from the now 80 year reputation it had garnered being unfairly associated with Marijuana.
The Farm Bills of 2014 and 2018 respectively established "Pilot" programs and then fully legalized Industrial Hemp in the nation.
While some states have been slow to adopt their own Hem growing rules and laws, the path is set on allowing Hemp to make a well deserved comeback and claim it's rightful place in the Consumer world.
Click to enlarge.
Click to Play. "Hemp for Victory" is a short film produced by the USDA during WWII to encourage the growth of Hemp for the war effort.
Why was Hemp made illegal in the first place?
Why was Hemp Made illegal
That is a good question with many different answers. It would be easy to say it was all just a overblown case of confusion, but the reality of it was that several powerful parties with varied interests came together to deal a death blow to the Hemp industry because it was convenient and easy thing to do at the time they did it. Let's examine some contributing factors:
In the years following the end of Prohibition in America, there was a growing need to have something to enforce by the Federal Narcotics Bureau (later the Drug Enforcement Administration). Headed by a man named Harry Anshlinger he lobbied for the outlawing of Marijuana, which he was convinced was a "gateway" drug that could lead to other "unchristian like" behaviors as well as the use of harder, ore dangerous substances. He also falsely claimed that the substance could lead to overdose and death.
Enter into the picture a man name William Randolph Hearst. You may have heard this name before. He was a media magnate that controlled a small newsprint empire. Some even say that his manipulation of the media under his control fanned the flame of public opinion and led to the Spanish American War. You would think a businessman like Hearst would embrace Hemp as a cheap, efficient material for making paper for his holdings. But in fact, Hearst owned considerable interest in timber across the hemisphere, and viewed the use of Hemp paper as a threat to his financial interests. He turned the ire of his media machine against Marijuana while secretly lobbying behind the scenes to outlaw Hemps use alongside of it.
Hemp was not only well known in the world as a great raw material for paper, but it's fibers were renowned for their qualities in clothing and textile manufacturing. Into that landscape, we find that DuPont had recently patented Nylon, the first synthetic fiber made from petrochemicals. Protecting this investment would be beneficial to their future plans. It should also be noted that Andrew Mellon, former Treasury Secretary, was invested heavily in this new technology and may have used his influence to lobby for Hemps demise.
All of this culminated into what would become the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, where, despite the objections of the AMA and Industrial Hemp supporters, Hemp was foolheartedly lumped in alongside Marijuana and essentially outlawed.
Although this theory may sound a bit too conspiratorial to some, it does represent a confluence of interests that cannot be wholly nor soundly rejected. In fact, you can find many sources (poorly sourced and corporate sponsored for the most part) debunking this as a theory online. But the point remains, for whatever reason, the crop of Hemp was foolishly and without good cause brought to a halt in this country in 1937. Despite the governments correction of that error, only recently, there are still many attitudes, beliefs and misconceptions about the plant which need to be educated about and overcome.
Is Hemp Legal now?
Is Hemp legal now
The short answer to this question is; Yes it is. But it is a little more complex than that. When you discuss the legality of Hemp, you have to split into two separate groups; Hemp (and Hemp derived products) and Hemp Extracts (anything containing Cannabinoids such as CBD oils or creams).
First, lets look at Hemp Extract products. Yes, these are perfectly legal. The Farm Bill of 2018 removed Hemp and its products from the jurisdiction of the Drug Enforcement Administration by removing it from the Scheduled Drugs that it regulates/enforces. The Food and Drug Administration is now the governing body when it comes to these products. Although not official yet, they are currently crafting a policy on the use of Hemp Extracts.
With regard to all other Hemp products, with the enactment of the aforementioned Farm Bill of 2018, the growth and cultivation of the Hemp plant is legal. It's regulation also having been removed from the Drug Enforcement Administration and placed in the hands of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). As of writing this, the USDA has not arrived on any final rules on Hemp farming, but has published a set of draft rules which it allows states to use (if they do not establish their own).
These rules affect what the law defines as "Industrial Hemp." In basic terms, Industrial Hemp is Hemp which is grown for use of it's fibers, seeds, Cores, etc. (essentially, non Hemp Extract products). The law defines Industrial Hemp as Hemp which contains <.3% of THC by Dry weight. This low number was picked for a couple reasons, mostly to eliminate the possibility of psychoactive effects and thus, make it more palatable to be legalized.
The Farm Bill also established a few other rules to assist in the growth of the Industrial Hemp markets. It provided money for states to conduct "research" into it's uses and to improve methods of farming it. It also made it legal to transport Hemp across state lines.
The confusing part about these laws comes into play when you discuss individual states. To date, nearly all have some kind of Industrial Hemp law or regulations (or have adopted the Federal language) save a handful that still will not, inexplicably, allow their farmer's access to this new "cash crop" If you want to grow Hemp in a certain state, then you should check with your states Agricultural Department to make sure you comply with all the licensing and rules that may (or may not) be required.
Additional confusion comes into play when you bring in Local Law Enforcement, Certain other Federal and State Agencies, and some private companies. For example, there is still a great deal of confusion at the Transportation Security Administration when it comes to carrying CBD products onto airplanes. Certain cruise lines will still tell customers Hemp Extracts are "forbidden items" because they either willfully, or neglect to understand the differences between Hemp and Marijuana. And finally, certain Social Media companies and Search Engines will not allow Hemp businesses (that in n way deal with Marijuana) to use their platform to advertise Hemp Extract (CBD) products because they inexplicably refuse to update their policies and algorithms to reflect the law.
To be clear, this confusion and controversy 99% of the time, applies to Hemp Extract (CBD) products, not those derived from Hemp fiber, seeds or Hurd (as these contain NO Cannabinoids like CBD or THC). So be assured, you will not likely be hassled wearing your comfortable new Hemp clothing o a flight.
Marihuana Tax Act of 1937
This law was the culmination of efforts in the U.S. to curb the consumption of the substance Marijuana by placing a tax upon it so high, that growing it was deemed impractical and unaffordable. The law also classified Hemp as the same as Marijuana, effectively ending the burgeoning Hemp industry in the country.
Wikipedia Article on the Act
Throughout the years, there has been a number of Court Decisions and Laws that have affected Hemp and/or it's products. Here is a summary of some of the major ones.
Hemp Related Laws and Cases
Hemp vs. Marijuana, how are they different?
Hemp versus Marijuana
The most abundant Cannabinoid in the Hemp plant is Cannabidiol (CBD), and the THC content is extremely low. (<.3% by law).
With Hemp, there are NONE (no matter how much you smoke). The THC concentration is simply too low to cause any.
Until 2018, Hemp was strangely classified as a Schedule 1 Drug (alongside Marijuana) and was as such, considered illegal. With the enactment of the 2018 Farm Bill, it was removed from the schedule and placed under the regulation of the USDA (and FDA), making it perfectly legal to grow, manufacture and posses (as long as it met the requirements of "Industrial Hemp" (<.3% THC). Each state has been allowed to make it's own decision about Hemp for itself, to either adopt some form of Hemp law/regulation, to sign-on and agree to the Federal Standards, or a few still have not done either (meaning it is still illegal to grow/produce in those states).
Hemp can grow virtually anywhere, except in the most extreme climates. It requires little care and attention as a crop (of course, it still gets some) and has a 90 to 120 day growing cycle. Hemp fields typically grow with as few as 4" between plants.
Visually, the two plants are very different. Hemp grows tall, long & slender, with the flowering and bushy parts at the top. It's leaves are also more narrow and spread out across the frond.
There are over 25,000 uses for Industrial Hemp across a wide variety of products and industries. This is due 6o the fact that the "whole plant" can be used in some way, shape or form. For example, the stalk provides fiber and Hurd for pulp and textiles, paper, Hempcrete, etc. The seeds can be used for foods, flour and to produce Hemp Seed Oil for cooking and beauty products. The flowery/bushy parts at the top can be processed for Hemp Extract (CBD) products. And more.
The most abundant chemical compound in a Marijuana Plant is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the Cannabinoid responsible for the psychoactive effects brought on by its use. It may (depending upon how it is raised or bred) contain as much as 40% (or higher) concentration of THC. By contrast, it contains minimal amounts of the Cannabinoid Cannabidiol (CBD).
Because there is a high concentration of THC, the chemical will interact heavily with the users Endocannabinoid System to cause psychoactive effects (the "high" feeling).
As far as the Federal government is concerned, Marijuana is still a Schedule 1 Drug, and as such, illegal. Having said that, over the years there has been a rapidly decreasing interest in enforcing low-level Marijuana violations, leaving that job for State Law Enforcement.
As far as states go, it is a mixed bag based upon what region that you are discussing. States have split Marijuana into two categories, essentially; Medicinal and Recreational. A Handful of states have made both types legal, while another handful have allowed Medical Marijuana with a valid Doctor's Prescription. The rest continue to leave the status the same, illegal. Proponents of legalization are working diligently to overcome old stereotypes and beliefs, and educate the public about the substance. They are optimistic that the near future will bring a change to the legal stats Marijuana has been saddled with since the 1970s.
Growing Marijuana plants is a considerably more involved process than Hemp. Although some Hemp is grown in controlled conditions and bred for increased CBD concentration, the majority is for "Industrial" purposes. Marijuana is generally grown in controlled environments, and normally inside. It usually requires specialized equipment (such as heat lamps and humidity controls) and is rarely done out-of-doors. Plants need to be grown at least 6 feet apart, due to their short bushy growth. The growing cycle tends to be about a month shorter than Hemp.
Important to note here is that a popular misconception (and sometimes outright lie) about Marijuana growth is that illicit growers can "hide" a group of Marijuana Bushes inside of a Hemp Field. This issue was used by opponents to Hemp legalization, particularly in Law Enforcement, to argue against it (and still do, surprisingly). The truth is that you cannot grow Marijuana anywhere in the vicinity of Hemp. The Hemps pollens will affect the Marijuana plants and drastically reduce their potency, rendering them useless.
Related to he above misconception, simply looking at a picture of the two (like the one below) it is easy to tell the difference. Marijuana tends to be shorter (6-8 feet tall) and bushier, with little or no "stalk." The leaves are also considerably different, being "fatter" and closer together with a shorter stem on the frond.
Marijuana, unlike its cousin, is really only useful in two arenas. The first, and likely best known, is recreational. The other is Medicinally, with great promise shown in helping ease pain, treat cancers, and aid in relieving many behavioral problems. Much research is left to be done, but the other areas of the plant do not prove to be as useful as those of a Hemp plant.
Hemp Extracts (CBD) have been shown to have benefits for a LARGE NUMBER (These are the more common ones) of conditions. (Click to enlarge)
Just Visually you can see the difference between Hemp (Cannabis Sativa) and Marijuana (Cannabis Indica). (Click to enlarge)
Hemp as Medicine
Video on Hemp as medicine
Video on Industrial Hemp
Please Note: These videos are shared for informational and educational purposes only. We do not endorse any person, opinion, place, method or product that may be mentioned, sold or marketed during them.
How can Hemp help us &our planet?
List of ways Hemp can Help
Hemp Helps the Environment
Hemp is a sustainable crop which requires less resources and chemicals to harvest and process. It can make any consumer product which is made currently from synthetics.
Hemp can clothe us
Hemp fiber is arguably the best choice when making fabrics and textiles. It is softer, tougher and has many other advantages when used to make clothing and accessories.
Hemp Helps Farmers
Hemp is a bountiful and easy to raise crop. It is less manpower intensive and requires less chemicals and water to grow. It's shrt growth cycle also means that up to 3 crops may be planted an harvested in a single year.
Hemp can help keep our oceans clean
Plastic pollution in our oceans is a problem that gets worse every day. The basic problem being that plastics never biodegrade (theysimply break down into smaller plastics). Hemp based bio-plastics will truly biodegrade and not persist in the environmeny.
Hemp can improve our Health
Hemp is one of the most nutrient dense plants that can be consumed and used as ingredients in other items. Hemp Extracts hold much promise for treating and easing numerous medical conditions
Hemp can help reverse Global Climate Change
Hemp is extraordinarily good at absorbing and sequestering CO2 gasses, From the raw plant to the finished products, Hemp is far better than any other plant (including trees) at processing and reducing the amount of the Greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.
Hemp can house us
Hemp can be fashioned into any number of construction materials, including Hempcrete, Insulations and plasters, and composite woods. They can be more durable, lighter, and more environmentally friendly than traditional materials.
And So Much More.
It seems everyday that new and exciting uses for Hemp and Hemp products are being discovered.
Hemp can affect so many industries
Video on different Hemp products
Learn more about Hemp, its uses, and its products by following our social media
Read Our Blog
Find us on Social Media
Read our Blog
Improve your Hemp Vocabulary
The percentage of the substance which actually enters the bloodstream and is usable by the body. Used as a measure of the effectiveness of any particular ingestion method.
A Hemp Extract product which generally contains a full profile of Cannabinoids, Terpenes, etc. Bu has been put through additional processing during extraction to remove the THC from the product.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is "Hemp?"""Hemp" is the common name for the Cannabis Sativa L plant, which is used for many purposes including industrial, health, clothing and food, etc. It is a cousin to the more commonly known Marijuana plant, however it contains little to no THC (the substance that gets you "high") and is not used recreationally. The Hemp plant is extremely versatile and can be grown virtually anywhere. For reasons discussed below, Hemp was classified alongside its cousin, Marijuana, and made illegal during the first half of the 20th Century. Only recently are the virtually limitless uses for the Hemp plant; which can be harvested for its fibers, oils, and seeds, being realized. It has been legal in most jurisdictions to possess, use, and sell Hemp products. With the Farm Bill of 2018, Industrial Hemp was legalized nationwide by removing it from the Schedules of the Controlled Substances Act.
Is Hemp the same as Marijuana?NO! It is a common misconception that Hemp is the same as Marijuana. While true, they are cousin plants, the differences between the two are like night and day. Marijuana (Pot, Reefer, Ganja, etc.) has a THC content (TetroHydroCannabinol, the chemical compound that gets you "high") of from 20 to 50% depending on how and where it is grown. By comparison, Hemp has less than .3% (often way less) of THC, meaning that injesting it will not get you "high." The fibers which make up the stalks of the Hemp plant are stronger and more versatile, and therefore more desirable as a usable material than those of the Marijuana plant. A Hemp plant is physically taller and narrower than it's cousin, Marijuana. When grown side by side, this difference is obvious, making it virtually impossible to hide a plot of Marijuana in a Hemp field. The Hemp plant contains a higher concentration of CBDs (Cannabinoids) than a Marijuana plant. These CBD's can be extracted and used in a wide variety of supplements, and health care uses (of course, none have yet been evaluated by the FDA). CBDs can be infused into capsules, gummies, tinctures, snack bars, and many other ingestible forms.
What is the current legal status of Hemp in the U.S.?In a nutshell, Yes, it is legal in the U.S. currently. Let's look at the nuances f5rom different perspectives. The sale, purchase, possession and use of Hemp products in their FINAL FORMS has ALWAYS been legal, this has never changed. The distinction is more applicable to the FARMING of Hemp. Up until 2018, Hemp was considered a Controlled Substance, regulated and policed by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). After the 2018 Farm Bill took effect (with a couple of exceptions from section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill), Hemp was removed from the schedules of drugs (see the Controlled Substances Act, CSA) and placed under regulatory authority of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Thus removing the Federal prohibitions on the growth of Hemp. The USDA created a framework set of regulations, but has generally left the regulation and licensing up to the states, most of which have passed some form of Hemp regulations. After a period (unknown) the USDA is supposed to finalize their regulations that will apply to all 50 states. The regulation of Hemp Seed, Seed Oil, and CBD Oils has been tasked to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which is just now (as of June 2019) beginning to hold public hearings on the subject. So, in summary, Hemp is perfectly legal at the Federal Level, and still subject to state rules about growing it. Check with your states Department of Agriculture, the USDA and FDA for updates.
Why was Hemp Made Illegal in 1937?To understand why Hemp was made illegal, one must first understand the history behind it, beginning with the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. Another interesting article about The Act can be found here. The then head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, Henry Anslinger, was a staunch crusader against marijuana and championed this act. There is much speculation as to the contributing causes of the support for this act, such as: The Dupont company had recently invented and patented Nylon fiber, and the Hemp fibers were a direct threat to that revenue. Hemp used to make paper was cheaper and more preferable than paper made from timber, which threatened the holdings of billionaire's like William Randolph Hearst. Federal officials were looking for a convenient excuse to arrest and deport mexican immigrants, in fact, the first conviction obtained under the Act was of a mexican immigrant in possession of less than an ounce of the substance. No matter whether any of these and more were a major factor, or simply a contributing factor, to the support of the Act, it passed Congress (under objection by the AMA) and was used to enforce a prohibition on Marijuana for many years. It has since been repealed and codified in other laws. Hemp was lumped in with Marijuana under the Act due to it's similarities (and other reasons mentioned above) and was Scheduled alongside Marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act. This error was corrected recently in the Farm Bill of 2018 by removing it from the Schedules in the C.S.A., thus finally making Industrial Hemp legal in the United States. The opportunities for Hemp and its uses have been expanded greatly due to the lifting of this prohibition.
Where can I do more research on Hemp?There are many books you can find, and articles on the Internet that discuss Hemp. States in which Hemp is grown usually have some form of Commission to advocate and educate, and even regulate, for Hemp. In NC, it is known as the North Carolina Industrial Hemp Association (NCIHA). There is also the National Hemp Association (NHA). You can also check out this Wikipedia article about the plant. And of course, you can always just contact us and ask your question, we'd be happy to help.
Are there any legal requirements to grow Hemp?Yes there are a few. First of all, the farmer may be subject to the licensing and regulatory requirements of the state in which they are located. Federally, the Hemp is classified as Industrial Hemp, and legal as long as the THC content does not rise above .3% (dry weight). Many farmers themselves, and state regulators will test samples periodically to ensure this is the case, and rules applying to imported seeds require the plants grown to meet this threshhold.
Are Hemp advocates just trying to find other ways to sell Marijuana?NO. Although the industries have their similarities, the differences far outweigh them. While many Hemp advocates are also Marijuana advocates, the two serve different purposes in the economy. Hemp is a proven, successful crop that has prospered in many countries where Marijuana is ALSO legal. Not to mention that Hemp is the earliest known human crop and was around long before people figured out you could smoke Marijuana for a "high."
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What types of industries can Hemp be used within?Hemp can be used in virtually limitless applications. Hemp is a nearly 700 Million dollar industry in the U.S. and growing. Here are a few examples: Food; The Hemp seed is an excellent source for necessary nutrients. They can be eaten directly, or processed with other foodstuffs. The seeds can be ground and used as a substitute flour. Seeds with the shell removed (De-hulled, or Hemp Seed Hearts) can be used to produce Hemp Milk, and other essentials. It accounts for approximately 19% of Hemp use in the U.S. FULL SPCTRUM HEMP OILS/CBD Oil: The Hemp plant can be put under pressure to extract it's oil. The oil is rich in CBDs (Cannabinoids) which is used in the supplement industry to make everything from capsules, tinctures, Gummy Bears, and Chewing Gum. Many people take these for the health benefits (* see FDA note below) as supplements to their medical or physical training regimens. This accounts for approximately 24% of Hemp use in the U.S. Textiles: Hemp fibers are very versatile and a great replacement for cotton or other synthetic fibers like Rayon and Nylon. It is durable and when the item is ready to be discarded. biodegradable. It can be used as fabric for clothing, household items, shoes, accessories, parachute webbing, etc. It is extremely versatile and accounts for about 14% of the U.S. usage of Hemp. Other Consumer Products: Brushes, Cleaning supplies, toilet paper, these things can all be produced from Hemp. Hemp can be used cheaper, and is more efficient in use, than many of it's cousins like paper, or animal hair, etc. These other uses can account for approximately another 2%. Industrial Applications: Would you believe me if I told you that you can build an entire house out of Hemp? It has been done in a few examples. Hemp can be used to make the insulation, chipboard, and many of the little touches that go into building a home. Hemp is also used to make BRICKS! Hempcrete, as it's called, is a lighter weight, more flexible and durable type of brick than it's stone and earth made cousins. These applications add another 18% of usage to the total. Personal Products, or Other: This encompasses everything else you can use Hemp to produce. If you can think of it, likely can you use Hemp to produce it. 24% of Hemp is used in such cases. Source: Hemp Business Journal and Vote Hemp.
How is the Hemp plant processed for use?Please check out this interesting article on Madehow.com, it should explain the basic process.
When used for health and wellness, have Hemp products been evaluated by the FDA?"No, not yet. Like many other products on the supplement market, the FDA has chosen not to study their effects, advantages, or disadvantages. This is why we are required to place a disclaimer in the footer of the Website. As Hemp gains popularity as a crop and in the health care arena particularly, hopefully the FDA will see fit to weigh in on the subject.
How are CBD oils derived from the Hemp plant?After Harvesting, Hemp plants are transported to an extraction facility, where they will undergo one of two possible methods: 1. CO2 Extraction; The plants are filtered through a series of chambers of varying pressures and temperatures. At various stages and pressures, the extractor is able to isolate and remove the CBD's from the plant. 2. Ethanol Extraction; This alternate method is used for larger quantities. It involves mixing the plants with a solvent, in this case Ethanol, this solvent causes the CBD oil to separate from the plant. You can also, at lower temperatures, filter unwanted items, such as chlorophyl, from the plants easier using this method. After it is extracted, the Hemp oils are filtered one additional way, by chromatography. This involves passing the oil through a media to further isolate the Cannabadiol and separate it from unwanted plant material. CBD oil products may also undergo a process called decarboxylation, in which the cannabinoids are heated, thus creating a form which is more usable in the body. Then the oils are ready for packaging, or can be turned into other forms, such as: 1. Tinctures and drops: The finished oil can be consumed directly, although it usualy is combined with another oil, or a flavoring agent, to make the taste more palatable. 2. It can be converted into capsules and pills. 3. It can be processed into powders, or slabs, for use in other products
Is Hemp legal to grow, possess, or sell?"Yes. Recent years brought about many changes to the longstanding prohibitions on Hemp from early in the Twentieth Century. Finally, the Farm Bill of 2018 has Removed the plant from the Controlled Substance Act, effectively making Industrial Hemp fully legal in the United States.
Can you hide Marijuana Plants within a field of Hemp?No. There are several reasons that this would be impractical, but opponents of Hemp legalization, especially those in Law Enforcement, have used this idea for years as an argument in opposition to it. 1. Physically, Hemp and Marijuana plants, although cousins, are noticeably different. Hemp is tall (about 20 feet) slender, and only bushy at the top. Marijuana tends to be shorter (about 6 feet), bushy through its entire height, and has noticeably more leaves. 2. Marijuana plants require a very controlled environment (high heat, humidity controlled, etc) which cannot be provided outdoors, whereas Hemp can be grown in nearly any environment. 3. Hemp fields are very densely planted, with only inches between them, whereas a Marijuana plant should be at least 6 feet away from another one for optimal growth. 4. If someone were to plant a marijuana plant in, or even near, a field of Hemp, the pollens from the Hemp would take to the Marijuana and effectively ruin the potency (i.e. THC concentration).
Could you extract enough THC from Hemp to produce a "high"?"Why would anyone want to. Although THC can be "removed" from the Cannabinopids to produce THC Free products, it requires additional steps in processing. To isolate the THC and remove the other Cannabinoids, Terpenes, etc. would be both a time consuming and expensive project. It would be far more efficient and easier (and likely have better results) to simply go out and purchase Marijuana.
What is CBD?CBD is short for Cannabidiol. It is derived from the flowers and leaves of the Hemp plant. CBD is one of the many compounds found in Hemp oils that interact with your bodies Endocannabinoid System (a series of receptors found throughout the body which assist in contributing to maintaining health and healing. CBD has come to be synonymous with products which are manufactured with Hemp oils. Since CBD is only one compound of many, it is not a good description of these products. Many manufacturers and retailers have come to use the terms Full Spectrum, Whole Spectrum, Whole plant and similar as it better describes what is actually contained within the product.
What is an "Endocannabinoid System" and how does it work?"The Endocannabinoid System is a series of receptors which interact with Cannabinoid compounds (Fatty Acid compounds which are normally present in the body and produced naturally by the Hemp plant). This system plays a role in regulating the health and healing of our bodies, including maintaining a healthy immune system. Many of the processed foods, and even some plants do not produce Cannabinoid compounds, so depending upon your diet, you may not be replacing these molecules within your body at an appropriate rate, creating a weakness in your immune system and making you less able to recover quickly from certain injuries.
How can CBD benefit me?CBD, added as a supplement to a healthy lifestyle can have several benefits. Although these benefits and effects have not been tested or investigated by the F.D.A., many state sponsored and independent labs have begun to look into them. (As always, consult your Health Care Provider before changing your routine.) Some of the benefits believed to be derived from CBD include: 1. Aiding in recovery from certain injuries. 2. Helping you relax and control anxiety, improve mental health and mood. 3. Anti-Inflamation and Pain relief/management. 4. CBD has been attributed to aid in treating or preventing numerous diseases and medical conditions.
How do I take CBD and what products are there that I can choose from?CBD is taken either orally, or for some applications, applied directly to the skin. There are three primary means of ingesting CBDs, they are: I. Ingestion: Basically, taken orally (via the mouth), it is then processed through the digestive system and metabolized in the liver.Examples Include: a. Candies- Gummy Bears, Chewing gums, suckers and other types of treats. b. Capsules, Gelcaps and Pills- Swallowed as a typical medicine. c. Infused foods- The oils can be infused into almost any type of cooking aid and eaten such as Cooking oils, Salad dressings, powders, Honeys and other condiments. II. Sublingually: Another type of oral application, except the dosage is applied under the tongue to allow for faster absorbtion into the bloodstream. Some methods include: a. Tinctures- CBD's and other compounds are mixed with a carrier (coconut oil, etc.) and the dosage is measured out and taken under the tongue. b. Crystals- Sometimes referred to as "isolate", the raw CBD can be applied in powder form directly under the tongue where it mixes with saliva and is absorbed there. III. Direct Application: CBD and Cannabidiols can be applied directly where they are needed, and absorbed through the skin. This is a popular method for pain relief applications. Examples may include: a. Balms- Cannabinoids are suspended inside of a carrier "jelly" and applied by rubbing directly on the affected area. Such as chap sticks or pain sticks. b. Creams and Salves- Similar to balms, but the compounds are suspended inside of a more viscous cream for application directly to the affected area. These may also be infused with a natural perfume oil to create a pleasant smell. c. Sprays- Cannabidiol compounds suspended in a liquid and applied by spraying in onto the affected area. Such as burn relief sprays.
Is there a difference between CBD Oil and Hemp Seed Oil?Yes there is. CBD Oil (more commonly referred to as Full Spectrum Hemp Oils, Whole Plant, or some variation) is extracted from the upper parts of the plant (flowers, leaves, stems, etc.) and contains the Cannabinoids which make up CBD Oil products (including CBD, THC, Terpenes and others). They are generally sold in smaller amounts and with a "dosage" associated (usually in mg/mL). These oils also tend to be more expensive per volume. Hemp Seed Oil is more akin to other types of nut and fruit oils. It is usually extracted from the seeds of the plant by "Cold Pressing" the seeds.It is then bottled and sold by volume. It can be used as cooking ingredients (except as a replacement frying oil) or in skin and body care items. The oil is extremely nutritious, containing all essential Omega Fatty Acids and several key minerals. It DOES NOT contain any of the cannabinoids or other chemicals that Full Spectrum Hemp Oils contain. It tends to be sold in larger volumes and cheaper prices. Both Oils have been referred to, erroneously, as "Hemp Oil." But as you can see, there is a distinction. Be careful and check with your retailer if unsure, that you are purchasing the product you are looking to buy.
Do I need a Prescription or "card" from a physician to purchase CBD Oil products?"No. CBD Products derived from legally grown Industrial Hemp is NOT a controlled substance, and requires no such additional steps to purchase. It would be wise to CONSULT with your Health Care Provider before pursuing use of CBD Oils, but it is not required.
Will using CBD Oil products make me fail a drug test?This is a source of debate amongst many in the industry, and there have been numerous papers and articles on the topic. The general answer is NO, Hemp products contain <.3% THC, which is nowhere near enough to get you high. The differences center around the type of testing and your particular employers policy. Some drug screening tests are more sensitive than others and can detect concentrations down to the nanogram. Whether it does or not depends on several things like how much you have had, how long ago it was, your weight, etc., etc. It may be wise to discuss your CBD use with the technician and make sure he notes it within the remarks. You will also need to consult with your employers HR department, or your boss, to determine the company's policy. And of course, talk to your doctor and make sure he/she notes your usage in your Health record. Satisfy all the questions in your own mind first. Be aware, also, there are THC free products, and products like Isolate CBD that are an option with less risk for failed drug testing. In the end, get all the information you can, and determine for yourself whether or not this is a concern of yours or not before using CBD Oils. Also, as a reminder, Hemp SEED Oils are different products which contain NO cannabinoids (CBD, THC, etc.) and are NOT a concern when it comes to drug screening.
Are the Constitution and Declaration of Independence written on Hemp paper?This is another mistruth grounded in reality. Although they could have been, the final versions of these 2 documents are actually written on PARCHMENT paper. The original first 2 DRAFTS of the Declaration of Independence were written on Dutch Hemp paper, only to be transcribed to parchment once approved.
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